https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/issue/feed Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research 2022-01-18T22:59:27-05:00 Prof. Mahmoud Rushdi editor@advetresearch.com Open Journal Systems <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">Focus and Scope&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;"><strong>Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research</strong>&nbsp;is an international journal that publishes researches in all matters relevant to the veterinary profession. The mission of the Journal is to provide students, veterinarians and researchers with the current advanced researches in different veterinary disciplines. The key objective of the Journal is to promote the art and science of veterinary medicine and the betterment of animal health and production.</span></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">Articles will be peer-reviewed, published online as a full text, and under the Open Access publishing model.</span></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">ISSN (Print): 2090-6269</span></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">ISSN (Online): 2090-6277</span>&nbsp;</p> https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/article/view/891 Effect of bull age on the fresh and frozen semen quality of Aceh cattle 2022-01-18T22:59:27-05:00 Nurul Isnaini nurulisna@ub.ac.id Ervin Kusuma Dewi Reksadinata erv@gmail.com Faizal Andri f.andri@ub.ac.id Tri Harsi tri@gmail.com Ida Zahidah Irfan ida@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the characteristics of fresh and frozen semen quality of Aceh cattle at different ages. Three Aceh bulls were involved in this study. The semen was collected from each bull from 6 to 10 years old and the fresh and frozen semen quality was evaluated directly. Data of fresh and frozen semen production were analyzed using analysis of variance. Semen quality traits with statistical significant different were further evaluated using post-hoc Duncan test. <em>P</em> &lt; 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. The results showed that the bull age significantly affect semen volume, pH, sperm concentration, total sperm, total motile sperm, and frozen semen production of Aceh cattle (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.001). However, it was found that sperm motility, before freezing sperm motility, post-thawing sperm motility, and recovery rate of sperm motility was equal across age (<em>P</em> &gt; 0.05). Semen volume, total sperm, total motile sperm, and frozen semen production were increased from 6 to 7 years old and then gradually reduced from 7 to 10 years old. It could be concluded that the optimum semen productivity of Aceh cattle is reached at 7 years old.</p> Copyright (c) https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/article/view/889 LIQUID SEMEN QUALITY OF LANDRACE BOAR IN TRIS-EGG YOLK EXTENDER AND ZORLESCO EXTENDER AT 20 °C 2022-01-17T15:21:41-05:00 Sipora Petronela Telnoni siporatelnoni@yahoo.co.id <p style="text-align: justify;">Liquid semen quality of landrace boar during preservation needs an extender to maintain sperm from the negative effect such as loss of energy, pH change, and membrane permeability damage. To reduce the negative effects, good extenders are required. Tris-EY and zorlesco are two common extenders for the preservation of boar semen. This research was aimed to compare two extenders was tris-EY extender and zorlesco extender to maintain the quality of landrace liquid semen at 20 °C. Semen was collected from ± 3 years of boar landrace in healthy condition, by hand glove method twice a week. A completely randomized design with 2 treatments and 7 replication used to collect data. Semen was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically then extended with tris-EY extender and zorlesco extender. The motility and viability of sperm were evaluated every six hours. Data were analyzed by T-test, SPSS Programed. Research results showed that sperm motility of landrace semen in a tris-EY extender and zorlesco extender has no significant difference (P ˃ 0.05) at 24 hours evaluation were 41.00±2.23% in a tris-EY extender and 45.00±5.00% in zorlesco extenders. The viability of sperm also has no significant difference (P ˃ 0.05) were 54.38±6.38% in a tris-EY extender and 58.32±10.35% in a zorlesco extender. It can be concluded that tris-EY extender and zorlesco extender have a similar ability in maintaining the quality of landrace boar liquid semen at 20 °C.</p> Copyright (c) https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/article/view/888 CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF MICE TO EXPERIMENTAL INOCULATION OF WASTE AND DRINKING WATER FROM SELECTED DAIRY FARMS 2022-01-17T10:17:21-05:00 Bura Thlama Paul bpgadzama@gmail.com Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse jesse@upm.edu.my Nagachandra Rao Gopi Naidu Naidu nagarrggnn@gmail.com Eric Lim Teik Chung ericlim@upm.edu.my Wan Lutfi Wan Johari wanlufti@upm.edu.my Yusuf Abba yabbavet@gmail.com Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila azmi@upm.edu.my Mohd Jefri Norsidin jefri@upm.du.my <p>Current knowledge of abnormal physiological responses and pathological effects in livestock due to consumption of substandard water is limited. This study was designed to explore the clinicopathological responses in mice orally inoculated with different drinking water and wastewater qualities from selected dairy cattle farms. A total of 35 female mice used in this study were divided into Group 1/ negative control (treated with sterile deionized distilled water), Group 2 (treated with good quality water sample), Group 3 (treated with moderate quality water sample), Group 4 (treated with unsatisfactory quality water sample), and Group 5 (treated with wastewater sample). All the mice were gavage with 0.25 ml of water samples three times daily for 30 days. Blood samples were collected from all mice before euthanasia at the end of the 30 days post-inoculation for reproductive hormones and biomarkers analyses. Visceral organs and brain samples from all mice were collected for cellular changes examinations. All treatment groups showed significant (p&lt;0.05) weight loss compared to the control group. Mice in Group 5 demonstrated severe clinical signs of weight loss, emaciation, dehydration, and ruffled fur at the end of the experiment period. Mice from all treatment groups showed significant changes (p&lt;0.05) in the concentration of serum oestrogen, immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), interleukin-12 (IL-12), haptoglobin (Hp), and serum amyloid A (SAA) as compared to the control group. Histopathological analyses revealed cellular inflammation, degeneration and oedema were observed in kidneys, liver, uterus, and ovaries of all treatment groups with different severity. In conclusion, the clinicopathological responses exhibited by the mice in the treatment groups indicates a high risk of potential negative effect towards to the production and health of the livestock due to long term consumption of drinking water with subpar quality.</p> Copyright (c) https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/article/view/887 The Isolation and molecular detection of feline infectious peritonitis virus 2022-01-16T11:05:30-05:00 Firas Al-Samarai firas_rashad@yahoo.com <p>The aim of this study was the detection and isolation of the feline infectious peritonitis virus for the first time in Iraq. In this study, 50 samples (fecal swab and peritoneal fluid) were collected from suspected pet cats from different areas of Baghdad city. The very suitable age is under two years old. Real-time RT-PCR was used to detect Feline infectious peritonitis in infected collected samples by amplification of spike protein (S) was done. The result of real-time RT-PCR revealed that 10 samples out of 50 samples from suspected cats were positive with FIPV.</p> <p>Ten positive samples by real-time RT-PCR were used for isolation of the virus in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture, then the isolated virus was detected by real time RT-PCR and then was detected by conventional RT-PCR after that electrophoresis was done. The Electron Microscope was used to detect the Morphology of the isolated virus.</p> Copyright (c) https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/article/view/886 A Clinical and Diagnostic Study of Klebsiella pneumoniae in Pneumonic Sheep, Basrah - Iraq. 2022-01-15T12:09:06-05:00 Zainab Shayal Compassion.q@yahoo.com <p>The study involved a clinical investigation into pneumonia caused by <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em> in sheep of Basrah governorate. The isolation and identification were done and confirmed the diagnosis by PCR technology. The blood samples and nasal swabs were collected from 104 local sheep breeds. The result showed that 79 sheep revealed signs of clinical pneumonia after the exclusion of other causes following the bacterial culture and biochemical tests for samples. While the last 25 healthy sheep were considered as a control group.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; The isolated <em>K.pneumoniae</em> characterized as pink- rods in gram stains, culture on blood agar showed white-grey colonies without hemolysis with mucoid consistency and fetid smell, on MacConkey agar showed large pink-reddish mucoid colonies, whereas grown on EMB as dark mucoid colonies. The biochemical reactions against <em>K.pneumoniae</em> distinct as; positive response for urease, citrate, and catalase, and the reactions responded negatively to indole and oxidase.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; The PCR technique indicated that it was specifying <em>K.pneumoniae</em> from 79 isolates there were 31(39.2%) cases had proved ecpA amplification at 759 bps primer for isolated pathogens DNA from the local sheep of Basrah governorate.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; We conclude that <em>K.pneumoniae</em> in sheep of Basrah is regarded as an important bacterial pathogen causing pneumonia in sheep.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Copyright (c)