Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research 2022-09-24T04:49:30-04:00 Prof. Mahmoud Rushdi Open Journal Systems <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">Focus and Scope&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;"><strong>Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research</strong>&nbsp;is an international journal that publishes researches in all matters relevant to the veterinary profession. The mission of the Journal is to provide students, veterinarians and researchers with the current advanced researches in different veterinary disciplines. The key objective of the Journal is to promote the art and science of veterinary medicine and the betterment of animal health and production.</span></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">Articles will be peer-reviewed, published online as a full text, and under the Open Access publishing model.</span></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">ISSN (Print): 2090-6269</span></p> <p class="rvps3" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: kashida; text-kashida: 0%; background: white; margin: 12.0pt 0in 12.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: 'Georgia','serif'; color: #505050;">ISSN (Online): 2090-6277</span>&nbsp;</p> Forecasting Inflation in Egypt (2019-2022) by using AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Models 2022-09-24T04:49:30-04:00 Wageh Darwish Mohamed A. Omar Magdy Roshdy <p>The ARIMA model was employed to investigate annual inflation rates in Egypt from 2018 to 2022. The study planned to forecast inflation in Egypt for the upcoming period from August till December of 2022, and the best fitting model was carefully selected based on the minimum AIC value. ARIMA model was applied using EViews10. It is made up of three processes: the Autoregressive process (AR), the differencing process (d), and the Moving Average Process (MA). The Box–Jenkins methodology for analyzing and modeling time series is characterized by four steps: model identification, parameter estimation, diagnostic checking and forecasting. This study used Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model to estimate and forecast the inflation rates for the year 2018-2022 using the univariate historical data of inflation rate. The ARIMA (1, 1, 1) model is stable and most suitable model to forecast inflation in Egypt for the next five months. The percent value of the inflation in August is (11.4± 4.20); September (10.6 ± 4.13); October (10± 4.03); November (9.5± 4.23) and December (9.2± 4.11). In order to reduce inflation and increase macroeconomic stability in Egypt, policymakers should continue to implement sound economic policies.</p> Copyright (c) Nephroprotective effect of Alogliptin and L-Carnitine in Gentamicin-induced Toxicity in male Albino rats 2022-09-24T04:37:49-04:00 Wageh Darwish Mohamed Ahmed Kamel Sahar S. Mohamed <p>The purpose of this investigation is the supportive functions of L-carnitine when co-administered with the DDP-4 inhibitor member and the nephroprotective impact of alogliptin in nephrotoxicity induced by gentamicin in male Wistar rats. Methods;&nbsp; A&nbsp; total number of 25 male Albino rats weighed 130 ± 5.7 g. and divided into five equal&nbsp; groups, G1:(control negative), G2: (control positive, have nephrotoxicity), G3: (treated group with L-carnitine), G4: (treated with Alogliptin) and G5: (treated with alogliptin and L-carnitine). Results; The biochemical results of serum total proteins, albumin, urea, uric acid and creatinine showed significant changes (P ≤ 0.05) among different groups while serum globulin is not significant and the mean value of these parameters showe the significant of G5 than G 3 and G4. The following measures were made in order to identify the oxidative/antioxidant cascades: glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT);, concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) and Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD) and &nbsp;these parameters were showed significant changes (P ≤ 0.05)&nbsp;&nbsp; among different groups and the mean value showed the significant &nbsp;of G5 than G 3 and G4. The results of the histological and immunohistochemical analyses point to a possible function for alogliptin and L-carnitine in preventing renal tissue destruction in rat models of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. According to the improvement of various biochemical indicators and oxidative state as well as the restoration of the renal structural integrity and function, treatment with alogliptin or L-carnitine protects the kidney through their antioxidant action. Better results than each medicine alone were seen when the two were combined.</p> Copyright (c) Staphylococcus aureus and salted fish: Prevalence, antibiogram, and expression of enterotoxin-coding genes 2022-09-24T04:28:50-04:00 Wageh Darwish Alaa Eldin M. A. Morshdy Hassan Mohieldeen Ahmed E. Tharwat Maha Moustafa Rehab E. Mohamed <p>This study was taken to investigate the prevalence of <em>Staphylococcus aureus </em>(<em>S. aureus</em>) in four types of salted fish, namely salted sardine, fesiekh, sahlia, and salted herrings that retailed in Zagazig city, Egypt. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the recovered <em>S. aureus</em> isolates was examined. Moreover, PCR was used for the detection of the coding genes of <em>S. aureus</em>-enterotoxins (SE) including SEA, SEB, SEC, and SED. The obtained results of the current investigation revealed isolation of <em>S.</em> <em>aureus</em> from the examined salted sardine, fesiekh, sahlia, and salted herrings at 80%, 70%, 65%, and 50%, respectively. Fesiekh had significantly (p&lt; 0.05) the highest total <em>S. aureus</em> count (3.55 ± 0.19 log 10 cfu/g), followed by sahlia (3.08 ± 0.13 log 10 cfu/g), sardine (3.04 ± 0.17 log 10 cfu/mL), and salted herrings (2.39 ± 0.08 log 10 cfu/g), respectively. Besides, 80%, 55%, 50%, and 25% of the examined salted sardine, fesiekh, sahlia, and salted herrings, respectively exceeded Egyptian limits of <em>S. aureus</em>. The recovered <em>S. aureus</em> isolates showed clear multidrug resistance profiling. PCR testing of selected <em>S. aureus</em> isolates for harboring <em>Staphylococcal</em> enterotoxin-coding genes revealed SEA, and SEB were not detected in any examined isolate. However, SEC was detected in 3 <em>S. aureus</em> isolates recovered from fesiekh, and in 2 isolates that recovered from sahlia. SED was only detected in 2 isolates that recovered from fesiekh. Therefore, strict hygienic measures should be adopted during handling, and processing of salted fish.</p> Copyright (c) Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistant Aeromonas and Molecular identification of Aeromonas hydrophila Isolated from Some Marketed Fish in Egypt 2022-09-16T09:01:05-04:00 Wageh Darwish Alaa Eldin M.A. Morshdy Nehal Samir Ahmed Abdelhameed Rasha M. El Bayomi Karima Abdallah <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Aeromonas hydrophila</em>, is an important foodborne bacterial disease in the aquaculture. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of<em> Aeromonas</em> species, virulence genes associated in <em>A. hydrophila</em> and to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of <em>Aeromonas </em>spp. isolated from fish samples (tilapia, mugil, tuna, saurus, pagrus and shrimp) collected from Zagazig city markets, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt. <em>Aeromonas </em>spp. was isolated with a percentage of 39.3% of all examined fish samples. Four <em>Aeromonas</em> species (<em>A. hydrophila</em>, <em>A. caviae</em>, <em>A. fluvials</em> and <em>A. sobria</em>) were isolated from the tested fish samples (12%, 15.3%, 2.7% and 9.3%, respectively). <em>A. hydrophila</em> was only isolated from Tilapia, Saurus and Shrimp samples (16%, 28% and 28%, respectively). Aerolysin (<em>aer</em>A) and haemolysin (<em>ahh1</em>) were expressed in 100% and 75% of the A.<em> hydrophila </em>isolates. Antibiotic susceptibility testing of <em>Aeromonas</em> spp. revealed marked resistant for testing antibiotics; Ampicillin (100 %), Erythromycin (100 %), Tetracycline (83.3 %), Sulphamethoxazol (75 %), Cefotaxime (50 %) and Cephalothin (50 %)<em>. </em>Dipping of Nile tilapia in lemon juice 5% for 2 h reduced <em>A. hydrophila</em> counts by 0.45 log cfu/g (64.44%). In conclusion, the present study confirms contamination of fish by <em>Aeromonas</em> spp. Immersion of fish in in lemon juice 5% is an efficient policy for reducing <em>A. hydrophila</em> in fish.</p> Copyright (c) Moringa oleifera: A Review of Pharmacological Benefits 2022-09-16T08:58:47-04:00 Wageh Darwish Dina S. Al-Shahat Azza M.A. Abo-Elmaaty Mohamed A. Kamel <p>The chemical composition of a specific material, the structure that gives it its unique qualities, and indirectly the method of production all have an impact on the selection of an effective bioactive material for medical applications. Moringa is a type of medicinal plant with unique active ingredients that have been traditionally used to treat a variety of conditions. The species is also used to purify water and is recognized as a source of nutrients. The type consists of 13 species that have been extensively domesticated in Asia and Africa, M.O. one of them whose pharmacological values worried scientists to manage. The objective of this study is to provide updated and well-defined information on the traditional uses, biological characteristics, and therapeutic potential of Moringa oleifera. It will also evaluate upcoming research opportunities. PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, and other journal articles published between 1994 and 2021 were used to gather the literature for this paper's review. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and other properties of Moringa oleifera are well known. Flavonoids, glucosides, and glucosinolates are present in significant concentrations, which activate the majority of its natural activity. We intend to shed light on this plant by outlining the traditional use and pharmacological properties of Moringa.</p> Copyright (c)