Puerperal Metritis in Crossbreed (Tarentaise X Baladi) Cows: Metabolism-Related Biochemical and Haematological changes

Authors

  • Mohammed Hussein Ramadan Animal Production Research Institute (APRI), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
  • Alaa Eldin Zain Elabdeen Mahmoud Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, 82524, Sohag, Egypt.
  • Alaa E.B. Zeidan Animal Production Research Institute (APRI), Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Ahmed Ezzat Ahmed Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, 83523, Qena, Egypt. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-0636
  • Ahmed Saad Ahmed Hassaneen Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, 83523, Qena, Egypt. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1622-3623

Abstract

Breeding of crossbreed cow is of great significance in tropical and subtropical countries in order to maintain both high productivity and high ability to accommodate. To understand the haematological and biochemical changes related with puerperal metritis in crossbred cows as well as the effect of puerperal metritis on the fertility, the current study evaluated the relations of some metabolic, and biochemical changes to the puerperal metritis. After thorough clinical and gynaecological examination, blood and urine samples were collected from both the control cows (n=20) and metritis cows (n=19). Haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and leukocytes count was determined. The concentrations of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, albumin, total protein, urea and progesterone hormone (P4) in blood, and ketone bodies were detected in urine at the following time-points (prepartum, partum, 1-week postpartum, and 2-weeks postpartum). Cows in the metritis group showed low Hb and high leukocytes count in the postpartum period. The metritis cows showed low glucose, low cholesterol, high NEFA, and low calcium levels. Blood NEFA, glucose, triglycerides, and calcium levels change significantly in puerperal metritis in crossbreed cows.

Author Biographies

Alaa Eldin Zain Elabdeen Mahmoud, Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, 82524, Sohag, Egypt.

Prof. Dr. Alaa Eldin Zain Elabdeen Mahmoud is a full professor of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination,  Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt.  He worked as the dean of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt. One of Prof. Alaa Eldin Zain achievments is his effort in establishing the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Sohag University as the first dean of this Faculty. He published many publications mainly in the field of reproduction in both international and national journals.

Alaa E.B. Zeidan, Animal Production Research Institute (APRI), Dokki, Giza, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Alaa Zeidan is a full professor of Theriogenology, Animal Production Research Institute (APRI), Dokki, Giza, Egypt. He supervised many postgraduate students; both master and Ph.D. students. He published many articles in the field of Theriogenology, and in Veterinary Medicine generally.

Ahmed Ezzat Ahmed, Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, 83523, Qena, Egypt.

Prof. Dr. Ahmed Ezzat Ahmed is an associate professor of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination,  Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Egypt.  He worked as Head of Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt. He published many publications mainly in the field of reproduction and reproductive endiocrinology in ruminants and laboratory animals in both international and national journals. Dr. Ezzat's current position is associate professor, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Ahmed Saad Ahmed Hassaneen, Department of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, 83523, Qena, Egypt.

Ahmed Hassaneen is an assistant professor of Theriogenology, Obstetrics and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Egypt. Right now, Ahmed is a post-doctoral fellow, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Miyazaki. Ahmed Hassaneen was graduated for the bachelor of Veterinary Sciences in 2006, and he was ranked the first among undergraduate students in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University. After accomplishing his master study in the field of Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination, Ahmed succeed to get a competitive full-mission scholarship which enable him to get his Ph.D. degree in Animal Reproduction from Nagoya University, Japan in 2016. Ahmed actively participated in many international conferences, trainings and workshops. Since March 2018, Ahmed is supervising 4 postgraduate students (1 Ph.D. and 3 Master students). Ahmed is a reviewer and/or a member of the editorial board of some journals focusing on veterinary reproduction and veterinary sciences. Ahmed is teaching Theriogenology, Obstetrics, and Artificial Insemination courses to undergraduate students and special advanced courses to postgraduate Ph.D./Master students

Published

2020-04-02

How to Cite

Ramadan, M. H., Mahmoud, A. E. Z. E., Zeidan, A. E., Ahmed, A. E., & Hassaneen, A. S. A. (2020). Puerperal Metritis in Crossbreed (Tarentaise X Baladi) Cows: Metabolism-Related Biochemical and Haematological changes. Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research, 10(2), 96-104. Retrieved from https://advetresearch.com/index.php/AVR/article/view/444

Issue

Section

Original Research

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