The The Rich Mapping: Be a Supplementary Approach for Anthrax Control at Community Level
Keywords:Anthrax, Rich map, GPS coordinate, Pathogenic spore, Soil DNA.
Anthrax is one of the most important diseases that can be transmitted from cattle to humans, especially in countries with a high density of cattle. Cattle are usually infected by the ingestion of Bacillus anthracis spores with food ingredients. For that reason, the adequacy of anthrax spores in the soil is considered as one of the causes of anthrax in cattle. The present study is based on the identification of anthrax spores in the soil and the development of a map based on the presence of spores, so that the people of the community can take a practical step in this regard in selecting the place for their cattle to graze. For this purpose, soil samples were collected from the studied areas. After extraction of soil DNA with DNA extraction kits, all samples were tested using a qualitative detection method. For a rapid and reliable qualitative detection system for Pathogenic B. anthracis spores isolated from soil samples, the specific primer of two plasmids, pXO1 (gene Pag), pXO2 (genes Cap), and S-layer locus (gene Sap) were used. The presence of spores was found in 7 out of 50 samples. The results of a qualitative detection method of Bacillus anthracis spores in the pastureland inserted as per their GPS coordinates. Based on the presence of pathogenic anthrax spore in a specific location, a map was then prepared and displayed in the community. So that the cattle owners can decide where their cattle will graze and be careful to prevent spore contact of their animal. Among the various effective anthrax prevention measures, rich mapping according to the presence of spores can be helpful in community level that will protect people from anthrax disease in the future.
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